Who was al-Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahiri?

Based on Biden, the 71-year-old Zawahiri was a key architect of a number of assaults on america and was “actively concerned” within the planning of the September 11, 2001 assaults.

“Individuals world wide not must worry a vicious and decided killer. The US continues to display our resolve and our potential to guard the American folks from those that search to hurt us,” Biden mentioned from the balcony of the Blue Room in New York. White Home.

Here is what it is advisable to learn about Zawahiri and the US strike on him.

Zawahiri was born in 1951 and grew up in an prosperous space of ​​Cairo, Egypt, the son of a famend doctor and the grandson of famend scientists.

His grandfather, Rabia al-Zawahiri, was an imam at al-Azhar College in Cairo. His great-uncle Abdel Rahman Azzam was the primary secretary of the Arab League.

Zawahiri was imprisoned for his function within the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in 1981.

“We wish to discuss to the entire world. Who’re we? Who’re we?” he mentioned in a jail interview.

By then, Zawahiri, a younger physician, was already a dedicated terrorist who had deliberate for years to overthrow the Egyptian authorities and sought to switch it with fundamentalist Islamic rule. He proudly supported Sadat’s assassination after the Egyptian chief made peace with Israel.

What was his relationship with Osama bin Laden like?

Zawahiri left Egypt in 1985 for Peshawar, Pakistan, the place he labored as a surgeon treating militants combating Soviet forces in Afghanistan.

It was there that Zawahiri met bin Laden, a outstanding mujahideen chief who additionally left a privileged upbringing to hitch the warfare in Afghanistan. The 2 bonded over a typical bond as “Afghan Arabs”.

After reunification in Afghanistan, bin Laden and Zawahiri appeared collectively in early 1998, saying the formation of the World Islamic Jihad Entrance in opposition to Jews and Crusaders, a proper merger of Egyptian Islamic Jihad and al-Qaeda.

At one level, he acted as bin Laden’s private doctor.

“We’re working with brother bin Laden,” he mentioned, saying the merger of his terrorist group in Might 1998. We’ve got recognized him for over 10 years. We fought him right here in Afghanistan.”

Collectively, the 2 terrorist leaders signed a fatwa, or declaration: “The choice to kill and combat Individuals and their allies, whether or not civilians or navy, is the accountability of each Muslim.”

What function did Zawahiri play in Al Qaeda’s assaults on the US?

Assaults on the US and its installations started shortly after the bin Laden and Zawahiri fatwas, when suicide bombers blew up the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, killing greater than 200 folks and injuring greater than 5,000.

Then there was the assault on the USS Cole in Yemen in October 2000, when suicide bombers on a lifeboat blew up their boat, killing 17 US sailors and injuring 39 others.

The Zawahiri terrorist plot culminated on September 11, 2001, when about 3,000 folks had been killed in an assault on the dual towers of the World Commerce Heart and the Pentagon. A fourth hijacked Washington-bound airliner crashed on a area in Pennsylvania after passengers resisted.

Earlier than and after the 9/11 assaults, Zawahiri appeared on quite a few video and audio recordings calling for assaults on Western targets and urging Muslims to assist his trigger.

Some Egyptians attribute Zawahiri’s anger in the direction of america to what many Afghan Arabs noticed as a betrayal by the CIA, which supported their trigger after the Soviets left Afghanistan and the nation descended into tribal anarchy.

Others date Zawahiri’s anger to 1998, when US officers pushed for the extradition of plenty of Egyptian Islamic Jihad members from Albania to face trial in Egypt for terrorism.

Zawahiri’s brother, Mohammad, advised CNN in 2012: “Earlier than you name me and my brother terrorists, let’s outline his that means. If meaning those that are bloodthirsty ruthless killers, then that is not what we’re doing,” he mentioned.

“We’re solely attempting to get better a few of our rights which have been seized by Western powers all through historical past.”

When did Zawahiri lead al-Qaeda?

Zawahiri turned the chief of al-Qaeda after US forces killed bin Laden in 2011.

It was continuously on the transfer when the US invasion of Afghanistan started after the September 11 assaults. At one level, he narrowly escaped a US assault in Afghanistan’s rugged mountainous Tora Bora area, an assault that killed his spouse and youngsters.

Zawahiri “was not a charismatic chief like bin Laden,” CNN nationwide safety analyst Peter Bergen mentioned Monday. “He didn’t change into a really competent chief of al-Qaeda. However I believe the rationale he was killed in Afghanistan over the weekend was as a result of he began taking much more danger.”

“Based on the United Nations, he has launched an unprecedented variety of movies. Each time you report a video, there’s a chain of custody of that video, its distribution, perhaps somebody takes the video,” Bergen continued.

“So he turned an increasing number of seen. And I believe, it appears to me that this might very effectively be the rationale that he was uncovered.

A United Nations panel briefing final week famous that Zawahiri’s obvious enhance in consolation and talent to speak coincided with the Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan and the consolidation of energy of key al-Qaeda allies of their de facto administration.

Zawahiri’s final recognized public look was an audio message launched on July 13 by al-Qaeda’s media arm.

How did the US kill Zawahiri?

The US launched a “exact counterterrorism operation” in Afghanistan in opposition to Zawahiri, who was hiding in a secure home in Kabul, senior administration officers advised reporters on Monday.

At 9:48 pm ET — 6:18 am Kabul time — on Saturday, July 30, an unmanned airstrike carried out a “spot airstrike” utilizing two Hellfire missiles, the official mentioned. conferences together with his cupboard and key advisers.

There have been no American personnel in Kabul on the time of the strike.

CNN’s Kevin Liptak, Kylie Atwood, Natasha Bertrand and Donald Judd contributed to this report.

About the author


Leave a Comment

%d bloggers like this: